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Accidents at Work

The reporting of certain work-related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences is a legal requirement. 

The information allows the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the local authority to identify where and how risks arise, and to investigate serious accidents. With this information the HSE and local authority can then give employers or others concerned advice on how to reduce injury, ill health and accidental loss.

Reporting accidents, illnesses or dangerous occurrences

You must make a report if there is an accident, disease or dangerous occurrence connected with work and it involves:

  • Death or major injury - of an employee or self employed person
  • A member of public being killed or taken to hospital
  • An over-seven day injury - of an employee or self-employed person which results in the injured person being away from work or unable to do the full range of their normal duties for more than seven days
  • A notifiable disease - if a doctor notifies you that your employee suffers from a reportable work-related disease
  • A dangerous occurrence - which does not result in an injury, but may have done

Find out more on reporting accidents at work and view a list of all major injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences.

How to make a report

During normal working hours, you can make a RIDDOR report via the HSE website. Incidents covered include on and offshore injuries or dangerous occurrences, diseases, flammable gas incidents and dangerous gas fittings.

If you are reporting an incident outside of normal working hours visit the Health and Safety Executive website.

In the case of death or major injury you can telephone 0845 300 9923 Monday to Friday between 8.30am and 5pm.

What happens once we receive an accident report?

If we are the enforcing body then we investigate the accident. If not, then we refer it to the relevant enforcement authority. 

The investigating officer will collect any relevant information relating to the incident. An investigation may take several weeks and will involve the investigating officer contacting employers, manufacturers, witnesses or any other relevant party involved to gain a full picture of the incident.

Once all the evidence and information has been gathered, then the investigating officer will decide the most appropriate course of action as determined by their findings, health and safety legislation and our enforcement policy.

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